Orofacial cleft 11
Orofacial cleft 11 is caused by mutations of the BMP4 gene.
Liu W et. al. (2005) Distinct functions for Bmp signaling in lip and palate fusion in mice.[^]
Suzuki S et. al. (2009) Mutations in BMP4 are associated with subepithelial, microform, and overt cleft lip.[^]
Castilla EE et. al. (1995) Congenital healed cleft lip.[^]
Neiswanger K et. al. (2007) Orbicularis oris muscle defects as an expanded phenotypic feature in nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate.[^]