Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics
Center for Nephrology and Metabolic Disorders

MKS1 Gene

The MKS1 gene encodes a protein that is localized to the basal body (kinetosome) and is required for formation of the primary cilium in ciliated epithelial cells. Mutations in this gene result in autosomal recessive disorders such as Meckel syndrome type 1 and in Bardet-Biedl syndrome type 13.

Genetests:

Clinic Method Carrier testing
Turnaround 5 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Clinic Method Genomic sequencing of the entire coding region
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Clinic Method Massive parallel sequencing
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA

Related Diseases:

Bardet-Biedl syndrome 13
MKS1
Joubert syndrome 28
MKS1

References:

1.

Leitch CC et. al. (2008) Hypomorphic mutations in syndromic encephalocele genes are associated with Bardet-Biedl syndrome.

[^]
2.

Kyttälä M et. al. (2006) MKS1, encoding a component of the flagellar apparatus basal body proteome, is mutated in Meckel syndrome.

[^]
3.

Dawe HR et. al. (2007) The Meckel-Gruber Syndrome proteins MKS1 and meckelin interact and are required for primary cilium formation.

[^]
4.

Consugar MB et. al. (2007) Molecular diagnostics of Meckel-Gruber syndrome highlights phenotypic differences between MKS1 and MKS3.

[^]
5.

Auber B et. al. (2007) A disease causing deletion of 29 base pairs in intron 15 in the MKS1 gene is highly associated with the campomelic variant of the Meckel-Gruber syndrome.

[^]
6.

Bialas NJ et. al. (2009) Functional interactions between the ciliopathy-associated Meckel syndrome 1 (MKS1) protein and two novel MKS1-related (MKSR) proteins.

[^]
7.

Tammachote R et. al. (2009) Ciliary and centrosomal defects associated with mutation and depletion of the Meckel syndrome genes MKS1 and MKS3.

[^]
8.

Weatherbee SD et. al. (2009) A mouse model for Meckel syndrome reveals Mks1 is required for ciliogenesis and Hedgehog signaling.

[^]
9.

Williams CL et. al. (2011) MKS and NPHP modules cooperate to establish basal body/transition zone membrane associations and ciliary gate function during ciliogenesis.

[^]
10.

None (1984) The Meckel syndrome: clinicopathological findings in 67 patients.

[^]
Update: Sept. 26, 2018