Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics
Center for Nephrology and Metabolic Disorders
Moldiag Diseases Genes Support Contact

Klotho

The KL gene encodes klotho that together with FGFR1 plays an essential role in signal transduction of the FGF23 hormone. Moreover, it seems to exert various anti-aging functions. Low serum levels cause premature aging while hight levels are associated with longevity. Loss-of-function mutations cause autosomal recessive hypophosphatemic familial tumoral calcinosis while a gain-of-function translation is described to result in hypophosphatemic rickets with hyperparathyroidism.

Genetests:

Clinic Method Carrier testing
Turnaround 5 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Clinic Method Massive parallel sequencing
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Clinic Method Genomic sequencing of the entire coding region
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA

Related Diseases:

Hypophosphatemic rickets with hyperparathyroidism
KL
Familial tumoral calcinosis
Familial normophosphatemic tumoral calcinosis
SAMD9
Hyperphosphatemic familial tumoral calcinosis
FGF23
GALNT3
KL

References:

1.

Kurosu H et al. (2005) Suppression of aging in mice by the hormone Klotho.

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2.

Brownstein CA et al. (2008) A translocation causing increased alpha-klotho level results in hypophosphatemic rickets and hyperparathyroidism.

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3.

Liu H et al. (2007) Augmented Wnt signaling in a mammalian model of accelerated aging.

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4.

Imura A et al. (2007) alpha-Klotho as a regulator of calcium homeostasis.

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5.

Haruna Y et al. (2007) Amelioration of progressive renal injury by genetic manipulation of Klotho gene.

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6.

Chang Q et al. (2005) The beta-glucuronidase klotho hydrolyzes and activates the TRPV5 channel.

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7.

Bektas A et al. (2004) Klotho gene variation and expression in 20 inbred mouse strains.

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8.

Arking DE et al. (2003) KLOTHO allele status and the risk of early-onset occult coronary artery disease.

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9.

Manya H et al. (2002) Klotho protein deficiency leads to overactivation of mu-calpain.

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10.

Fukino K et al. (2002) Regulation of angiogenesis by the aging suppressor gene klotho.

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11.

Arking DE et al. (2002) Association of human aging with a functional variant of klotho.

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12.

Koh N et al. (2001) Severely reduced production of klotho in human chronic renal failure kidney.

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13.

Mori K et al. (2000) Disruption of klotho gene causes an abnormal energy homeostasis in mice.

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14.

Saito Y et al. (2000) In vivo klotho gene delivery protects against endothelial dysfunction in multiple risk factor syndrome.

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15.

Matsumura Y et al. (1998) Identification of the human klotho gene and its two transcripts encoding membrane and secreted klotho protein.

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16.

Kuro-o M et al. (1997) Mutation of the mouse klotho gene leads to a syndrome resembling ageing.

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17.

Ichikawa S et al. (2007) A homozygous missense mutation in human KLOTHO causes severe tumoral calcinosis.

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18.

Chen CD et al. (2007) Insulin stimulates the cleavage and release of the extracellular domain of Klotho by ADAM10 and ADAM17.

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19.

Urakawa I et al. (2006) Klotho converts canonical FGF receptor into a specific receptor for FGF23.

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20.

OMIM.ORG article

Omim 604824 external link
21.

NCBI article

NCBI 9365 external link
22.

Orphanet article

Orphanet ID 179419 external link
23.

Wikipedia article

Wikipedia EN (Klotho_(biology)) external link
Update: Aug. 14, 2020
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