Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics
Center for Nephrology and Metabolic Disorders

Complement component C5

The C5 gene encodes complement component C5 which play a crucial role in initiating the membrane attack complex (MAC). As it is the target of the monoclonal antibody of the medicament Eculizumab genetic variations in this gene may influence responsiveness to a treatment. Also variants in this gene have also been associated with susceptibility to liver fibrosis and rheumatoid arthritis

Genetests:

Clinic Method Carrier testing
Turnaround 5 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Clinic Method Massive parallel sequencing
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Clinic Method Genomic sequencing of the entire coding region
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA

Related Diseases:

Poor response to Eculizumab
C5
Complement C5 deficiency
C5
Meningococcal infection susceptibility
C3
C5
C7
C8A
C8B
C8G
C9
CD46
CFB
CFD
CFH
CFP

References:

1.

Gavett SH et al. (1995) Interleukin 12 inhibits antigen-induced airway hyperresponsiveness, inflammation, and Th2 cytokine expression in mice.

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2.

None (1997) A genome-wide search for asthma susceptibility loci in ethnically diverse populations. The Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Asthma (CSGA).

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3.

Ober C et al. (1998) Genome-wide search for asthma susceptibility loci in a founder population. The Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Asthma.

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4.

Wjst M et al. (1999) A genome-wide search for linkage to asthma. German Asthma Genetics Group.

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5.

Karp CL et al. (2000) Identification of complement factor 5 as a susceptibility locus for experimental allergic asthma.

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6.

Wetsel RA et al. (1990) Deficiency of the murine fifth complement component (C5). A 2-base pair gene deletion in a 5'-exon.

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7.

Wang X et al. (1995) Inherited human complement C5 deficiency. Nonsense mutations in exons 1 (Gln1 to Stop) and 36 (Arg1458 to Stop) and compound heterozygosity in three African-American families.

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8.

Nishimura J et al. (2014) Genetic variants in C5 and poor response to eculizumab.

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9.

Tack BF et al. (1979) Fifth component of human complement: purification from plasma and polypeptide chain structure.

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10.

Carney DF et al. (1991) Structural aspects of the human C5 gene. Intron/exon organization, 5'-flanking region features, and characterization of two truncated cDNA clones.

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11.

Haviland DL et al. (1991) Complete cDNA sequence of human complement pro-C5. Evidence of truncated transcripts derived from a single copy gene.

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12.

Jeremiah SJ et al. (1988) The assignment of the human gene coding for complement C5 to chromosome 9q22-9q33.

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13.

Wetsel RA et al. (1988) Molecular analysis of human complement component C5: localization of the structural gene to chromosome 9.

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14.

Hillebrandt S et al. (2002) Genome-wide analysis of hepatic fibrosis in inbred mice identifies the susceptibility locus Hfib1 on chromosome 15.

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15.

Delgado-Cerviño E et al. (2005) C5 complement deficiency in a Spanish family. Molecular characterization of the double mutation responsible for the defect.

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16.

Pfarr N et al. (2005) Linking C5 deficiency to an exonic splicing enhancer mutation.

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17.

Peng T et al. (2005) Role of C5 in the development of airway inflammation, airway hyperresponsiveness, and ongoing airway response.

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18.

Hillebrandt S et al. (2005) Complement factor 5 is a quantitative trait gene that modifies liver fibrogenesis in mice and humans.

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19.

Pickering MC et al. (2006) Prevention of C5 activation ameliorates spontaneous and experimental glomerulonephritis in factor H-deficient mice.

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20.

Plenge RM et. al. (2007) TRAF1-C5 as a risk locus for rheumatoid arthritis--a genomewide study.

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21.

Halangk J et al. (2008) Evaluation of complement factor 5 variants as genetic risk factors for the development of advanced fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C infection.

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22.

Orphanet article

Orphanet ID 160093 [^]
23.

NCBI article

NCBI 727 [^]
24.

OMIM.ORG article

Omim 120900 [^]
25.

Wikipedia article

Wikipedia EN (Complement_component_5) [^]
Update: April 29, 2019