Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics
Center for Nephrology and Metabolic Disorders

Galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase

The GALT gene encodes an enzyme involved in galactose metabolism which when mutated causes autosomal recessive galactosemia.

Genetests:

Research Method Carrier testing
Turnaround 5
Specimen type genomic DNA
Research Method Multiplex Ligation-Dependent Probe Amplification
Turnaround 25
Specimen type genomic DNA
Research Method Genomic sequencing of the entire coding region
Turnaround 25
Specimen type genomic DNA
Clinic Method Massive parallel sequencing
Turnaround 25
Specimen type genomic DNA

Related Diseases:

Galactosemia
GALT

References:

1.

None (1979) Abstracts of meeting presentations.

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2.

Mohandas T et. al. (1978) Assignment of GALT to chromosome 9 and regional localization of GALT, AK1, AK3, and ACONS on chromosome 9.

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3.

Westerveld A et. al. (1978) Regional localization of the genes coding for human red cell adenylate kinase, aconitase, and galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase on chromosome 9.

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4.

Mohandas T et. al. (1977) Assignment of the human gene for galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase to chromosome 9: studies with Chinese hamster-human somatic cell hybrids.

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5.

Mohandas T et. al. (1979) Regional localization of human gene loci on chromosome 9: studies of somatic cell hybrids containing human translocations.

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6.

Meera Khan P et. al. (1978) Assignment of a human galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase gene (GALT1) to chromosome 9 in human-Chinese hamster somatic cell hybrids.

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7.

Sun NC et. al. (1977) Regional chromosomal localization of the human gene for galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase.

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8.

Scherz R et. al. (1976) A new genetic variant of galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase.

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9.

Reichardt JK et. al. (1992) Molecular characterization of two galactosemia mutations and one polymorphism: implications for structure-function analysis of human galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase.

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10.

Reichardt JK et. al. (1991) Molecular characterization of two galactosemia mutations: correlation of mutations with highly conserved domains in galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase.

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11.

Reichardt JK et. al. (1991) Molecular basis of galactosemia: mutations and polymorphisms in the gene encoding human galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase.

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12.

Flach JE et. al. (1990) Sequence of a cDNA encoding human galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase.

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13.

Reichardt JK et. al. (1988) Cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding human galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase.

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14.

Tedesco TA et. al. (1974) Assignment of the human gene for hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase to chromosome 3.

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15.

Sun NC et. al. (1974) Chromosome assignment of the human gene for galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase.

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16.

Bergren WG et. al. (1973) A new variant of galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase in man: the Los Angeles variant.

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17.

Vaccaro AM et. al. (1984) Polymorphism of erythrocyte galactose-1-phosphate uridyl-transferase in Italy: segregation analysis in 693 families.

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18.

Shih LY et. al. (1984) Gene dosage studies supporting localization of the structural gene for galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GALT) to band p13 of chromosome 9.

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19.

Sparkes RS et. al. (1980) Probable linkage between the human galactose-1-P uridyl transferase locus and 9qh.

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20.

Mulcahy MT et. al. (1980) Where is the gene for GALT?

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21.

Sparkes RS et. al. (1980) Expression of GALT in 9p chromosome alterations: assignment of GALT locus to 9cen leads to 9p22.

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22.

Kelley RI et. al. (1983) Characterization of normal and abnormal variants of galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (EC 2.7.7.12) by isoelectric focusing.

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23.

Xu YK et. al. (1983) Polymorphism of erythrocyte galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase among Chinese.

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24.

Ashino J et. al. (1995) Molecular characterization of galactosemia (type 1) mutations in Japanese.

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25.

Lin HC et. al. (1995) Linkage disequilibrium between a SacI restriction fragment length polymorphism and two galactosemia mutations.

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26.

Elsas LJ et. al. (1995) Galactosemia: a strategy to identify new biochemical phenotypes and molecular genotypes.

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27.

Elsas LJ et. al. (1994) A common mutation associated with the Duarte galactosemia allele.

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28.

Reichardt JK et. al. (1993) Molecular characterization of the H319Q galactosemia mutation.

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29.

Lai K et. al. (1996) A prevalent mutation for galactosemia among black Americans.

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30.

Ninfali P et. al. (1996) Molecular basis of galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase deficiency involving skeletal muscle.

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31.

Podskarbi T et. al. (1996) Molecular characterization of Duarte-1 and Duarte-2 variants of galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase.

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32.

Elsevier JP et. al. (1996) The Q188R mutation in human galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase acts as a partial dominant negative.

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33.

Langley SD et. al. (1997) Molecular basis for Duarte and Los Angeles variant galactosemia.

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34.

Greber-Platzer S et. al. (1997) Molecular heterogeneity of classical and Duarte galactosemia: mutation analysis by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis.

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35.

Magrangeas F et. al. (1998) Cotranscription and intergenic splicing of human galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase and interleukin-11 receptor alpha-chain genes generate a fusion mRNA in normal cells. Implication for the production of multidomain proteins during evolution.

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36.

Tyfield L et. al. (1999) Classical galactosemia and mutations at the galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GALT) gene.

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37.

Kozák L et. al. (1999) Presence of a deletion in the 5' upstream region of the GALT gene in Duarte (D2) alleles.

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38.

Murphy M et. al. (1999) Genetic basis of transferase-deficient galactosaemia in Ireland and the population history of the Irish Travellers.

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39.

Elsas LJ et. al. () The molecular biology of galactosemia.

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40.

Elsas LJ et. al. (2001) Functional analysis of the human galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase promoter in Duarte and LA variant galactosemia.

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41.

Trbusek M et. al. (2001) Galactosemia: deletion in the 5' upstream region of the GALT gene reduces promoter efficiency.

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42.

Suzuki M et. al. (2001) Large-scale molecular screening for galactosemia alleles in a pan-ethnic population.

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43.

Carney AE et. al. (2009) Origins, distribution and expression of the Duarte-2 (D2) allele of galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase.

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44.

Tang M et. al. (2014) Subfertility and growth restriction in a new galactose-1 phosphate uridylyltransferase (GALT) - deficient mouse model.

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Update: Sept. 26, 2018