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Thyroid peroxidase

The TPO gene encodes a membrane bound enzyme that binds two tyrosin residues which is the crucial step in thyroid hormone production. Mutations cause autosomal recessive thyroid dyshormonogenesis 2a.

Genetests:

Clinic Method Carrier testing
Turnaround 5 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Clinic Method Massive parallel sequencing
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Research Method Genomic sequencing of the entire coding region
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Research Method Multiplex Ligation-Dependent Probe Amplification
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA

Related Diseases:

Thyroid dyshormonogenesis 2a
TPO

References:

1.

Lazar V et al. (1999) Expression of the Na+/I- symporter gene in human thyroid tumors: a comparison study with other thyroid-specific genes.

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2.

Deladoëy J et al. (2008) Pseudodominant inheritance of goitrous congenital hypothyroidism caused by TPO mutations: molecular and in silico studies.

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3.

Fugazzola L et al. (2003) Monoallelic expression of mutant thyroid peroxidase allele causing total iodide organification defect.

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4.

Niu DM et al. (2002) High prevalence of a novel mutation (2268 insT) of the thyroid peroxidase gene in Taiwanese patients with total iodide organification defect, and evidence for a founder effect.

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5.

Bakker B et al. (2001) Maternal isodisomy for chromosome 2p causing severe congenital hypothyroidism.

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6.

Bikker H et al. (1997) Molecular analysis of mutated thyroid peroxidase detected in patients with total iodide organification defects.

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7.

Endo Y et al. (1995) Regional localization of the gene for thyroid peroxidase to human chromosome 2p25 and mouse chromosome 12C.

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8.

Seto P et al. (1987) Isolation of a complementary DNA clone for thyroid microsomal antigen. Homology with the gene for thyroid peroxidase.

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9.

Kimura S et al. (1987) Human thyroid peroxidase: complete cDNA and protein sequence, chromosome mapping, and identification of two alternately spliced mRNAs.

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10.

de Vijlder JJ et al. (1988) Regional localization of the gene for thyroid peroxidase to human chromosome 2pter----p12.

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11.

Kimura S et al. (1989) Structure of the human thyroid peroxidase gene: comparison and relationship to the human myeloperoxidase gene.

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12.

Bakker B et al. (2000) Two decades of screening for congenital hypothyroidism in The Netherlands: TPO gene mutations in total iodide organification defects (an update).

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13.

Pannain S et al. (1999) Two different mutations in the thyroid peroxidase gene of a large inbred Amish kindred: power and limits of homozygosity mapping.

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14.

Medeiros-Neto G et al. (1998) Metastatic thyroid carcinoma arising from congenital goiter due to mutation in the thyroperoxidase gene.

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15.

Bikker H et al. (1996) Congenital hypothyroidism caused by a premature termination signal in exon 10 of the human thyroid peroxidase gene.

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16.

Bikker H et al. (1994) A 20-basepair duplication in the human thyroid peroxidase gene results in a total iodide organification defect and congenital hypothyroidism.

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17.

Bikker H et al. (1995) Identification of five novel inactivating mutations in the human thyroid peroxidase gene by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis.

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18.

Abramowicz MJ et al. (1992) Identification of a mutation in the coding sequence of the human thyroid peroxidase gene causing congenital goiter.

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19.

Park SM et al. (2005) Genetics of congenital hypothyroidism.

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20.

Orphanet article

Orphanet ID 120233 external link
21.

NCBI article

NCBI 7173 external link
22.

OMIM.ORG article

Omim 606765 external link
23.

Wikipedia article

Wikipedia EN (Thyroid_peroxidase) external link
Update: Aug. 14, 2020
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