Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics
Center for Nephrology and Metabolic Disorders

Transmembrane protein 107

This gene encodes a transmembrane protein and component of the primary cilia transition zone. The encoded protein regulates ciliogenesis and ciliary protein composition. Human fibroblasts expressing a mutant allele of this gene exhibit reduced numbers of cilia, altered cilia length, and impaired sonic hedgehog signaling. In human patients, different mutations in this gene cause different ciliopathies, including Meckel-Gruber syndrome and orofaciodigital syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, May 2017]

Genetests:

Clinic Method Carrier testing
Turnaround 5
Specimen type genomic DNA
Research Method Genomic sequencing of the entire coding region
Turnaround 25
Specimen type genomic DNA

Related Diseases:

Joubert syndrome 29
TMEM107
Meckel syndrome 13
TMEM107
Orofaciodigital syndrome 16
TMEM107

References:

1.

Christopher KJ et. al. (2012) Forward genetics uncovers Transmembrane protein 107 as a novel factor required for ciliogenesis and Sonic hedgehog signaling.

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2.

Shaheen R et. al. (2015) Identification of a novel MKS locus defined by TMEM107 mutation.

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3.

Shylo NA et. al. (2016) TMEM107 Is a Critical Regulator of Ciliary Protein Composition and Is Mutated in Orofaciodigital Syndrome.

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4.

Lambacher NJ et. al. (2016) TMEM107 recruits ciliopathy proteins to subdomains of the ciliary transition zone and causes Joubert syndrome.

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Update: Oct. 11, 2018