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Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist

The IL1RN gene encodes a cytokine that belongs to the interleukin-1 family. By interacting with several other members of that family it modulates its effects. Mutations cause autosomal recesive deficiency which manifests with sterile osteomyelitis. Also some genetic variants are associated with gastric cancer and diabetic microangiopathy.

Genetests:

Clinic Method Carrier testing
Turnaround 5 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Clinic Method Massive parallel sequencing
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Research Method Genomic sequencing of the entire coding region
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA

Related Diseases:

Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist deficiency
IL1RN
Gastric cancer risk
IL1RN
Diabetic microangiopathy 4
IL1RN

References:

1.

Steinkasserer A et al. (1992) The human IL-1 receptor antagonist gene (IL1RN) maps to chromosome 2q14-q21, in the region of the IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta loci.

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2.

Reddy S et. al. (2009) An autoinflammatory disease due to homozygous deletion of the IL1RN locus.

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3.

Aksentijevich I et. al. (2009) An autoinflammatory disease with deficiency of the interleukin-1-receptor antagonist.

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4.

Larsen CM et al. (2007) Interleukin-1-receptor antagonist in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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5.

Strandberg L et al. (2006) Interleukin-1 system gene polymorphisms are associated with fat mass in young men.

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6.

Bajayo A et al. (2005) Central IL-1 receptor signaling regulates bone growth and mass.

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7.

Iizasa H et al. (2005) Exacerbation of granuloma formation in IL-1 receptor antagonist-deficient mice with impaired dendritic cell maturation associated with Th2 cytokine production.

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8.

Horai R et al. (2004) TNF-alpha is crucial for the development of autoimmune arthritis in IL-1 receptor antagonist-deficient mice.

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9.

Lee SH et. al. () Polymorphisms in interleukin-1 beta and Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist genes are associated with kidney failure in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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10.

Maedler K et al. (2004) Leptin modulates beta cell expression of IL-1 receptor antagonist and release of IL-1beta in human islets.

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11.

Waehre T et al. (2004) Increased expression of interleukin-1 in coronary artery disease with downregulatory effects of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors.

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12.

Dewberry RM et al. (2003) Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RN) genotype modulates the replicative capacity of human endothelial cells.

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13.

Nicklin MJ et al. (2002) A sequence-based map of the nine genes of the human interleukin-1 cluster.

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14.

Langdahl BL et al. (2000) Osteoporotic fractures are associated with an 86-base pair repeat polymorphism in the interleukin-1--receptor antagonist gene but not with polymorphisms in the interleukin-1beta gene.

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15.

El-Omar EM et al. (2000) Interleukin-1 polymorphisms associated with increased risk of gastric cancer.

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16.

Schrijver HM et al. (1999) Association of interleukin-1beta and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist genes with disease severity in MS.

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17.

Gabay C et al. (1997) Interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is an acute-phase protein.

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18.

Blakemore AI et. al. (1996) Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist allele (IL1RN*2) associated with nephropathy in diabetes mellitus.

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19.

Tarlow JK et al. (1993) Polymorphism in human IL-1 receptor antagonist gene intron 2 is caused by variable numbers of an 86-bp tandem repeat.

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20.

Dinarello CA et al. (1993) The role of interleukin-1 in disease.

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21.

Patterson D et al. (1993) The human interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL1RN) gene is located in the chromosome 2q14 region.

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22.

Mansfield JC et al. (1994) Novel genetic association between ulcerative colitis and the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 receptor antagonist.

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23.

Tarlow JK et al. (1994) Severity of alopecia areata is associated with a polymorphism in the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene.

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24.

Blakemore AI et al. (1994) Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene polymorphism as a disease severity factor in systemic lupus erythematosus.

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25.

Carter DB et al. (1990) Purification, cloning, expression and biological characterization of an interleukin-1 receptor antagonist protein.

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26.

None (1991) Interleukin 1 receptor antagonist. A new member of the interleukin 1 family.

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27.

Lennard A et al. (1992) Cloning and chromosome mapping of the human interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene.

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28.
Update: Aug. 14, 2020
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