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Tthe ANOS1 gene encodes a protein involved in regulation of neuron functions such as cell adhesion and axonal migration. Mutations cause x-liked recessive Kallmann syndrome.


Clinic Method Carrier testing
Turnaround 5 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Clinic Method Massive parallel sequencing
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA
Research Method Genomic sequencing of the entire coding region
Turnaround 25 days
Specimen type genomic DNA

Related Diseases:

Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism with anosmia 1



Trarbach EB et al. (2006) Novel fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 mutations in patients with congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism with and without anosmia.

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Cariboni A et al. (2004) The product of X-linked Kallmann's syndrome gene (KAL1) affects the migratory activity of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-producing neurons.

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Söderlund D et al. (2002) Identification of three novel mutations in the KAL1 gene in patients with Kallmann syndrome.

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Soussi-Yanicostas N et al. (2002) Anosmin-1, defective in the X-linked form of Kallmann syndrome, promotes axonal branch formation from olfactory bulb output neurons.

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Bülow HE et al. (2002) Heparan sulfate proteoglycan-dependent induction of axon branching and axon misrouting by the Kallmann syndrome gene kal-1.

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Maya-Nuñez G et al. (1998) A recurrent missense mutation in the KAL gene in patients with X-linked Kallmann's syndrome.

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Rugarli EI et al. (1996) The Kallmann syndrome gene product expressed in COS cells is cleaved on the cell surface to yield a diffusible component.

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Soussi-Yanicostas N et al. (1996) Initial characterization of anosmin-1, a putative extracellular matrix protein synthesized by definite neuronal cell populations in the central nervous system.

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Legouis R et al. (1993) Characterization of the chicken and quail homologues of the human gene responsible for the X-linked Kallmann syndrome.

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Franco B et al. (1991) A gene deleted in Kallmann's syndrome shares homology with neural cell adhesion and axonal path-finding molecules.

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Legouis R et al. (1991) The candidate gene for the X-linked Kallmann syndrome encodes a protein related to adhesion molecules.

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Woods-Samuels P et al. (1991) Nonhomologous recombination in the human genome: deletions in the human factor VIII gene.

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Bernatowicz LF et al. (1992) Sequence analysis of a partial deletion of the human steroid sulfatase gene reveals 3 bp of homology at deletion breakpoints.

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Incerti B et al. (1992) Kallmann syndrome gene on the X and Y chromosomes: implications for evolutionary divergence of human sex chromosomes.

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Dodé C et al. (2006) Kallmann syndrome: mutations in the genes encoding prokineticin-2 and prokineticin receptor-2.

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Dodé C et al. (2003) Loss-of-function mutations in FGFR1 cause autosomal dominant Kallmann syndrome.

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Hanchate NK et al. (2012) SEMA3A, a gene involved in axonal pathfinding, is mutated in patients with Kallmann syndrome.

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Hardelin JP et al. (1992) X chromosome-linked Kallmann syndrome: stop mutations validate the candidate gene.

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Bick D et al. (1992) Brief report: intragenic deletion of the KALIG-1 gene in Kallmann's syndrome.

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Parenti G et al. (1995) Variable penetrance of hypogonadism in a sibship with Kallmann syndrome due to a deletion of the KAL gene.

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Hardelin JP et al. (1993) Heterogeneity in the mutations responsible for X chromosome-linked Kallmann syndrome.

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Georgopoulos NA et al. (1997) Genetic heterogeneity evidenced by low incidence of KAL-1 gene mutations in sporadic cases of gonadotropin-releasing hormone deficiency.

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Maya-Núñez G et al. (1998) Contiguous gene syndrome due to deletion of the first three exons of the Kallmann gene and complete deletion of the steroid sulphatase gene.

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Oliveira LM et al. (2001) The importance of autosomal genes in Kallmann syndrome: genotype-phenotype correlations and neuroendocrine characteristics.

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Massin N et al. (2003) X chromosome-linked Kallmann syndrome: clinical heterogeneity in three siblings carrying an intragenic deletion of the KAL-1 gene.

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Sato N et al. (2004) Clinical assessment and mutation analysis of Kallmann syndrome 1 (KAL1) and fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1, or KAL2) in five families and 18 sporadic patients.

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del Castillo I et al. (1992) Structure of the X-linked Kallmann syndrome gene and its homologous pseudogene on the Y chromosome.

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Orphanet article

Orphanet ID 122751 external link

NCBI article

NCBI 3730 external link

OMIM.ORG article

Omim 300836 external link

Wikipedia article

Wikipedia EN (Anosmin-1) external link
Update: Aug. 14, 2020
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